By Cory Korkow, Curator of European Paintings and Sculpture, 1500–1800

Figure 1. A Party in the Open Air, c. 1590–95. Isaac Oliver (French, c. 1565–1617). Watercolor and body color, with gold and silver, on vellum, laid on card; 11.3 x 17.4 cm. Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen (KMS6938)
Figure 2. Field Armor for George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, 1586. Made under the direction of Jacob Halder, Greenwich, England. Steel with etched and gilded steel, leather, textile; h. 176.5 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Munsey Fund, 1932 (32.130.6a–y)
Figure 3. Henry VIII, c. 1509. Attributed to Meynnart Wewyck (probably Netherlandish, active England c. 1502–25). Oil on panel; 38.1 x 24.8 cm. Denver Art Museum, Gift of the Berger Collection Educational Trust, 2021.29. Photo courtesy Denver Art Museum
Figure 4. Henry VIII, c. 1540. Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger (German, active England and Switzerland, 1497/98–1543). Oil on panel; 239 x 134.5 cm. Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool, Purchased by the Walker Art Gallery in 1945, WAG 1350
Figure 5. Edward VI as a Child, 1538. Hans Holbein the Younger (German, active England and Switzerland, 1497/98–1543). Oil on panel; 56.8 x 44 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, Andrew W. Mellon Collection, 1937.1.64
Figure 6. Edward VI, c. 1547–50. Attributed to Guillim Scrots (Flemish, active 1537–53). Oil on panel; 58 x 68 cm. Compton Verney Art Gallery and Park, Warwickshire, United Kingdom. Photo: Compton Verney, Warwickshire, United Kingdom. © Compton Verney / Bridgeman Images
Figure 7. Mary I, 1554. Antonis Mor (Netherlandish, c. 1516–1576). Oil on panel; 112 x 83 cm. Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston, P21e22
Figure 8. Elizabeth I (The Hampden Portrait), c. 1567. Attributed to George Gower (English, c. 1540–1596). Oil on canvas, transferred from panel; 196 x 140 cm. Private collection
Figure 9. Elizabeth I (The Rainbow Portrait), c. 1602. Attributed to Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger (Flemish, 1561–1635/36). Oil on canvas; 128 x 101.6 cm. Reproduced with permission of the Marquess of Salisbury, Hatfield House

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